Correlational finding on Happiness and Current mental complaints
Subject code: H15ab02

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelAnxiety
Our classificationCurrent mental complaints, code H15ab02
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, rated on a 2-point scale, 
ranging from (0) True to (1) False. (order reversed)
a.  No more nervous than most other       people
b.  Keyed up most of the time
c.  Can't keep mind on one thing very     long
d.  Bothered by things not a bother to    others
e.  Worrying about something most of      the time
f.  Calm - don't get upset easily
g.  Anxious about someone/somthing        almost all of 
the time
h.  Happy most of the time
i.  Nervous some days - can't sit still     very long
j. Hard time keeping mind on work/task
k. Don't worry about what other people     think about 
me any more than most     people
l. Take things hard (get hurt easily)
m. Life a strain much of the time
n. At times think I'm just no good at    all
o. Lack faith in self
p. Feel useless at times
q. Things upset me easier than most      people
r. So many problems feel couldn't        handle
s. Feel about to go to pieces
t. Deny trouble/difficult problem

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=
        T1: 1977      T2: 1979      T3: 1981

a.      +.03 (ns)     +.03 (ns)     +.32 (01)

b.      -.18 (01)     -.45 (01)     -.40 (01)
c.      -.02 (ns)     -.02 (ns)     -.06 (ns)

d.      -.05 (ns)     -.14 (05)     -.14 (05)

e.      -.26 (01)     -.24 (01)     -.34 (01)

f.      +.20 (01)     +.21 (01)     +.35 (01)
g.      -.10 (ns)     -.23 (01)     -.30 (01)

h.      +.43 (01)     +.35 (01)     +.44 (01)
i.      -.03 (ns)     +.01 (ns)     -.23 (01)

j.     -.10 (ns)     -.08 (ns)     -.19 (01)
k.     +.25 (01)     +.16 (05)     +.22 (01)


l.     -.23 (01)     -.18 (01)     -.24 (01)
m.     -.36 (01)     -.37 (01)     -.53 (01)
n.     -.34 (01)     -.16 (05)     -.34 (01)

o.     -.31 (01)     -.35 (01)     -.29 (01)
p.     -.34 (01)     -.17 (05)     -.33 (01)
q.     -.20 (01)     -.20 (01)     -.29 (01)

r.     -.17 (05)     -.23 (01)     -.42 (01)

s.     -.25 (01)     -.12 (ns)     -.24 (01)
t.     +.02 (ns)     -.09 (ns)     -.05 (ns)
All variables assessed at T1, T2, and T3. 
Correlation concerns same time measures.


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which face comes closest to expressing feeling about life as a whole?
7 delighted
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
- No opinion



Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (modified
version)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl