Correlational finding on Happiness and Status consistency
Subject code: S09ac

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelStatus consistency
Page in Source 323
Our classificationStatus consistency, code S09ac
Operationalization
Combination of family income and the educational 
attainment of the family head:
1. both low
2. intermediate level
3.        ,,
4.        ,,
5. both high

a  relatively low income and relatively
   high education
b  relatively high income and 
   relatively low education

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-aDMt=+
1. (low)    M=4.8   Mt'=4.8
2.          M=5.1   Mt'=5.1
3.          M=5.4   Mt'=5.5
4.          M=5.9   Mt'=6.1
5. (high)   M=6.2   Mt'=6.5

a           M=5.3   Mt'=5.4
b           M=5.7   Mt'=5.9
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aDMt=+
1. (low)    M=5.4   Mt'=5.5
2.          M=5.8   Mt'=6.0
3.          M=5.9   Mt'=6.1
4.          M=6.3   Mt'=6.6
5. (high)   M=6.7   Mt'=7.1

a           M=5.7   Mt'=5.9
b           M=6.2   Mt'=6.5


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses in it, to represent a person who has all the good things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, to represent a person who has all the bad things in his life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you think comes closest to matching your life?"
(circles not reproduced here )
8 + + + + + + + +
7 + + + + + + + -
6 + + + + + + - -
5 + + + + + - - -
4 + + + + - - - -
3 + + + - - - - -
2 + + - - - - - -
2 + - - - - - - -
0 - - - - - - - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl