Subject code: E01ab01

Study | Greenfield & Marks (2007): study US 1995 |

Title | Religious Social Identity as an Explanatory Factor for Assosiations Between More Frequent Formal Religious Participation and Psychological Well-Being |

Source | The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 2007, vol. 17, 3, 245-259 |

Public | 25-74 aged, general public, USA, 1995 |

Sample | Probability simple random sample |

Non-Response | 39% |

Respondents N = | 3032 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | Education |

Page in Source | 253 |

Our classification | Years schooling, code E01ab01 |

Operationalization | 1: 12 years or less (reference) 2: < 12 years 3: 13-15 years 4: 16 years of more |

Observed distribution | 1: 10%, 2: 29%, 3: 31%, 4: 30% |

Error Estimates | <12 years: s.e.=0.08 13-15 years:s.e.=0.06 >16 years: s.e.=0.06 |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

C-BW-c-sq-n-11-b | b=+.08 ns | |

C-BW-c-sq-n-11-b | Beta=+.02 ns | < 12 years (vs 12 years or less) |

C-BW-c-sq-n-11-b | b=-.18 p < .01 | |

C-BW-c-sq-n-11-b | Beta=-.07 | 13-15 years (vs 12 years of less) |

C-BW-c-sq-n-11-b | b=-.18 | 16 years of more (vs 12 years of less) |

C-BW-c-sq-n-11-b | Beta=-.07 | > 16 years (vs 12 years or less) All b's and beta's controlled for: - age - gender - race - income - employment status - marital status - parental status - self rated physical health - religious participation Beta unaffected by additionsl control for - religious social identity |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

C-BW-c-sq-n-11-b | Selfreport on single question Using a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means 'the worst possible life' and 10 means the 'best possible life', how would you rate your life overall these days? 0 worst possible life 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 best possible life |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

b | REGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS) Type: test statistic Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric Theoretical range: unlimited Meaning: b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average. B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average. B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate. |

Beta | STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS) Type: test statistic. Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric. Range: [-1 ; +1] Meaning: beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average. beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average. beta = 0 « no correlation. beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation. |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl