Correlational finding on Happiness and Purchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
Subject code: N04ab01b

StudyRam (2009): study ZZ 2006 /1
TitleGovernment Spending and Happiness of the Population: Additional Evidence from Large Cross-Country Samples.
SourcePublic Choice, 2009, Vol. 138, 483 - 490
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/40270884?origin=JSTOR-pdf
DOIDOI:10.1007/sl 1127-008-9372-0
Public18+ aged, general public, 87 nations, 2006
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =87000

Correlate
Author's labelReal GDP per capita (in logs)
Page in Source 488
Our classificationPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc), code N04ab01b
Operationalization
In purchasing power
Observed distributionM = 10,675, SD = 10,707 (N=143)
Remarks
Penn World Table 6.2, 2003.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW---sq-nt-11-ab=+.60 p < .05
AVERAGE happiness by real GDP-per capita in 87 
nations.
O-Sum---mq-*-14-ab=+.57 p < .05
b's controlled for:
- Government consumption
- Investment price-level
- International openness of the economy
- Dummies for:
  - transition (former socialist) economies
  - OECD high income countries
  - African and Latin American countries


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW---sq-nt-11-aSelfreport on single question

Various questions on satisfaction with life as-a-whole, rated on 10 or 11 step numeral scales. 10 step variants stretched to range 0-10
O-Sum---mq-*-14-aSelfreport on two questions:

A Taking all together, how happy would you say you are?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
B All things considered, how satisfied are you with your
life as-a-whole now?
10 satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 dissatisfied

Computation: (Ax2,5) +B -10

Name: Inglehart's combined score


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl