Correlational finding on Happiness and Absolute level
Subject code: C10ab02a

StudyLitchfield et al. (2012): study AL 2005
TitleAn Analysis of Life Satisfaction in Albania: An Heteroscedastic Ordered Probit Model Approach.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2012, Vol. 81, 731 - 741
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2010.12.020
PublicWorking aged (15-65), Albania, 2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2923

Correlate
Author's labelLN of real per capita household consumption
Page in Source 26, 28
Our classificationAbsolute level, code C10ab02a
Operationalization
Natural logarithm of real per capita household 
consumption. (2002 leks)
Observed distributionM = 90742

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-iOPRC=+.97 p < .01
OPRC contolled for:
- employment
- education
- illness
- religion
- marital status
- household status
- age
- gender
- transfers
- nchildr
- nfriends
- pyramid
- livealone
- insidewc
- dwelling size
- land dispute
- thefts
- pop_increase
- comm_org
- location


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-iSelf report on single question

By bearing in mind the last 12 months, are you on the wholer satisfied or dissatisfied with your present life?
4 fully satisfied
3 rather satisfied
2 less than satisfied
1 not satisfied at all
- no answer


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a higher probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a lower probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable.

OLRC< 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a lower probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a higher probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable.

OLRC = 0 No relationship between the independent and dependent variable..

Remarks:
The interpretation for the intermediate categories of the dependent variable are ambiguous. It is advised to use marginal effects..
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl