Subject code: E01ab02

Study | Litchfield et al. (2012): study AL 2005 |

Title | An Analysis of Life Satisfaction in Albania: An Heteroscedastic Ordered Probit Model Approach. |

Source | Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2012, Vol. 81, 731 - 741 |

DOI | DOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2010.12.020 |

Public | Working aged (15-65), Albania, 2005 |

Sample | Probability multi-stage cluster sample |

Non-Response | |

Respondents N = | 2923 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | Educational level |

Page in Source | 26, 28 |

Our classification | Level of school-education, code E01ab02 |

Operationalization | 1: has a diploma of primary 8 2: has a secondary diploma 3: has a vocational diploma 4: has a university diploma 0: otherwise |

Observed distribution | M = 1:0.17, 2: 0.22, 3: 0.11, 4: 0.09 |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-i | OPRC=+.00 ns | diploma primary 8 |

O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-i | OPRC=+.05 ns | secondary diploma |

O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-i | OPRC=+.08 ns | has a vocational diploma |

O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-i | OPRC=+.35 p < .01 | has a university diploma OPRCs contolled for: - employment - illness - religion - marital status - household status - age - gender - lnprcons (2002 leks) - transfers - nchildr - nfriends - pyramid - livealone - insidewc - dwelling size - land dispute - thefts - pop_increase - comm_org - location |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-i | Self report on single question By bearing in mind the last 12 months, are you on the wholer satisfied or dissatisfied with your present life? 4 fully satisfied 3 rather satisfied 2 less than satisfied 1 not satisfied at all - no answer |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

OPRC | ORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses Theoretical range: unlimited OPRC > 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a higher probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a lower probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable. OLRC< 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a lower probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a higher probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable. OLRC = 0 No relationship between the independent and dependent variable.. Remarks: The interpretation for the intermediate categories of the dependent variable are ambiguous. It is advised to use marginal effects.. |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl