Correlational finding on Happiness and Involved in schooling or not
Subject code: S01ac01a

StudyBlanchflower et al. (2013): study GB Wales 2007
TitleIs Psychological Well-Being Linked to the Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables?
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, Vol. 114, 785 - 801
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0173-y
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0173-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Wales, UK, 2007-2010
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =49972

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source Table 6
Our classificationInvolved in schooling or not, code S01ac01a
Operationalization
Selfreport on question:
which of these descriptions applies to what you were 
doing last week?
a.	 going to school or college full-time (including on 
vacation)
b.	 in paid employment or self-employment (reference)
c.	 on a Government scheme for employment training
d.	 doing unpaid work for a business that you own, or 
that a relative owns
e.	 waiting to take up paid work already obtained
f.	 looking for paid work or a Government training 
scheme
g. 	intending to look for work but prevented by 
temporary sickness or injury (sick or injured for 28 
days or less)
h.	 permanently unable to work because of long-term 
sickness or disability
i.	 retired from paid work
j.	 looking after the home or family
k. 	doing something else
l. labor force no answer
Remarks
1 Yes
0 No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bb=-.13 p < .01
Labor force no answer
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bb=+.06 p < .01
Involving in school
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bb=+.02 ns
Government scheme
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bb=-.17 p < .01
Unpaid work
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bb=-.12 ns
Waiting take up work
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bb=-.19 p < .01
Unemployed
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bb=-.55 p < .01
Temporary sick
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bb=-.55 p < .01
Long-term sick
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bb=-.03 ns
Retired
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bb=-.04 p < .01
Home worker
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bb=-.07 p < .01
Labor force other

B's controlled for:
-Consumption of fruit and vegetables
-Demographic characteristics
 -age
 -gender
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -education
 -household location
-Health
 -disability
 -exercise
 -smoking
 -body mass index


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How much of the time during the past 4 weeks have you felt happy?
5 all the time
4 most of the time
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
- don't remember

Part of 9 item ODIN Affect Balance Scale (A-AB/cm/mq/v/5/..)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl