Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyChow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =127

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived needs for services
Page in Source 352-353
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Self report on the question of need for assistance with 
various tasks:
1. bathing/washing
2. dress/undressing
3. transfer/lifting
4. eating
5. grocery shopping
6. meal preparation
7. laundry
8. house cleaning
9. writing
10. reading
11. using a telephone
12. using a radio or television
13. locking or unlocking doors
14. handling money
15. banking
16. going to social activities

Rated:
1: never
2: 
3:
4:
5: always
Observed distribution1: M=1.47, SD=1.11 2: M=1.32, SD=0.86 3: M=1.33, SD=0.84 4: M=1.86, SD=1.34 5:M=1.54, SD=1.17 6: M=1.67, SD=1.29 7: M=1.93, SD=1.54 8: M=1.47, SD=1.11 9: M=2.85, SD=1.81 10: M=2.68, SD=1.77 11: M=1.29, SD=0.80 12: M=1.27, SD=0.72 13: M=1.31, SD=0.87 14: M=1.61, SD=1.21 15: M=1.63, SD=1.22 16. M=1.83, SD=1.33

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.22 p < .05
Beta controled for:
- Socio-economic status
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - financial need
- migration history
  - country of origin 
  - length of residence in Canada
- Health
  - physical mobility
  - medication use
- Social network
- quality of neighbouhood
- Psychological well-being


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

satisfied with overall life.. (full text not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neutral
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl