Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and contentment
Subject code: H07aa03

StudyChow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =127

Correlate
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Page in Source 352-353
Our classificationOverall happiness and contentment, code H07aa03
Operationalization
Psychological well-being operationalized as the 
respondents' degree of agreement to the following 
statements: 
1: I am often bored
2: I feel that life is worth living
3: I am happy most of the time
4: I feel lonely most of the time
5: I feel hopeless about the future
Rated:
1: strongly disagree
2:
3:
4:
5: strongly agree
Observed distribution1: M=3.04, SD=1.38 2: M=3.78, SD=1.11 3: M=3.93, SD=1.09 4: M=3.07, SD=1.39 5: M=3.71, SD=1.32
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha .72
Remarks
The coding for the psychological wellbeing
items was reversed so that a higher mean value would 
reflect better psychological
well-being.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=.+33 ns
Beta controled for:
- Socio-economic status
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - financial need
- migration history
  - country of origin 
  - length of residence in Canada
- Health
  - physical mobility
  - medication use
  - perceived needs for services
- Social network
- quality of neighbouhood


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

satisfied with overall life.. (full text not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neutral
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl