Correlational finding on Happiness and Response scale
Subject code: I06ab03

StudyVanBeuningen et al. (2014): study NL 2013
TitleMeasuring Well-Being. An Analysis of Different Response Scales.
SourceDiscussion Paper 2014/03,, Statistics Netherlands, 2014, The Hague, The Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands,2013
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =970

Correlate
Author's labelClassification of the 1-10 scale for happiness
Our classificationResponse scale, code I06ab03
Operationalization
Same question on happiness rated on two different 
response scales
A  5-step verbal scale (O-HL-u-sq-v-5-a)
     -  very happy
     - happy
     - neither happy nor unhappy
     - not that happy
     - unhappy
B 10 completely happy
     :
     1 completely unhappy

B serves as correlate in this analysis
Observed distributionM = M = SD =

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-btc=+.49 p < .00
5-step verbal by 10-step numerical scale:
1 to 4 Unhappy and not that happy
5,6    Neither happy not unhappy
7,8    Happy
9,10   Very happy


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

To what extent do you consider yourself as a happy person?
1 completely unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
tcKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 no rank correlation
tc = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl