### Correlational finding on Happiness and Current hope Subject code: H19ab

 Study Wiberg (1976a): study ZZ 1967 Title Replication on a Youth Group: The Students. Source Ornauer, H.;et al;Eds.: "Images of the World 2000: A Comparative Ten Nation Study'', Humanities Press, 1976, USA, 185 - 216 Public students, 5 western nations, 1967-1970, Germany,Great Britain, New Zealand, Sweden, USA. Sample Non-probability purposive sample Non-Response Respondents N = 0

 Correlate Author's label Optimism/pessimism Page in Source 199,50 Our classification Current hope , code H19ab Operationalization ```Homology between wishes and expectations about personal life; responses to open questions. Acceptance Ratio (AR) = (a-b) / (a+b) is calculated, where a = positive answer and b = negative answer to a question. ```

 Observed Relation with Happiness HappinessMeasure Statistics Elaboration/Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a r=+.39 ```Germany ``` C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a r=+.72 ```Great Britain ``` C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a r=+.56 ```New Zealand ``` C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a r=+.78 ```Sweden ``` C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a r=.+72 ```USA ```

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
 Code Full Text C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a Selfreport on single question:Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life[ 9 ] [ 8 ][ 7 ][ 6 ][ 5 ][ 4 ][ 3 ][ 2 ][ 1 ][ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)

Appendix 2: Statistics used
 Symbol Explanation r PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')Type: test statistic.Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metricRange: [-1; +1]Meaning:r = 0 « no correlation ,r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, andr = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl