Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual quality of local environment
Subject code: L14ab03a

StudyShields et al. (2009): study AU 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Economic and Social Characteristics of Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Population Economics, 2009, Vol. 22, 421 - 443
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-007-0146-7
Public15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =13903

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood characteristic: local disamenity
Page in Source 436, 438, 441
Our classificationActual quality of local environment, code L14ab03a
Operationalization
To what frequency do you observe the following events 
to happen in your neighbourhood?
a) loud traffic noises
b) noises from airplanes, trains, or industry
e) homes and gardens in bad condition
f) rubbish and litter lying around
  
Rated:
1 never happens
:
5 very common

Combined to a 4-20 scale.
Observed distributionMales: M=10.3 SD=1.47; Females: M=1.4 SD=1.52
Remarks
A neighbourhood consists of approximately 250 
households on average who live in close proximity to 
each other.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.01 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.01 ns
OPRC's controlled for:
- region in Australia
- remoteness of place of residence
- relative income
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) rate of single parents
  b) unemployment rate 
  c) rate of home owners
  d) rate of non-English speaking immigrants
  e) rate of employees working in a 
     professional occupation
  f) social interaction and social support
  g) rate of people over 64 years old
  h) insecurity in the neighbourhood
- age and age squared
- marital status
- number of children
- number of adults in household
- being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander
- being an immigrant
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14

OPRC is similar when controlling for:
- duration of living in residence
instead of:
- relative income


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?
Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are.
0 totally dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 totally satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a higher probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a lower probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable.

OLRC< 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a lower probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a higher probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable.

OLRC = 0 No relationship between the independent and dependent variable..

Remarks:
The interpretation for the intermediate categories of the dependent variable are ambiguous. It is advised to use marginal effects..
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl