Correlational finding on Happiness and Local social contacts
Subject code: L17ab01b

StudyShields et al. (2009): study AU 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Economic and Social Characteristics of Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Population Economics, 2009, Vol. 22, 421 - 443
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-007-0146-7
Public15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =13903

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood characteristic: social interaction and support
Page in Source 436, 438, 441
Our classificationLocal social contacts, code L17ab01b
Operationalization
To what frequency do you observe the following events 
to happen in your neighbourhood?
a) neighbours helping each other out
b) neighbours doing things together

Rated:
1 never happens
:
5 very common

Combined to a 2-10 scale.
Observed distributionMales: M=6.5 SD=.87; Females: M=6.5 SD=.86
Remarks
A neighbourhood consists of approximately 250 
households on average who live in close proximity to 
each other.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.08 p < .01
MALES
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.03 p < .1
FEMALES

OPRC's controlled for:
- region in Australia
- remoteness of place of residence
- duration of living in residence
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) rate of single parents
  b) unemployment rate 
  c) rate of home owners
  d) rate of non-English speaking immigrants
  e) rate of employees working in a 
     professional occupation
  f) rate of people over 64 years old
  g) local disamenity
  h) insecurity in the neighbourhood
- age and age squared
- marital status
- number of children
- number of adults in household
- being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander
- being an immigrant
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.08 p < .01
MALES
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.01 ns
FEMALES

OPRC's are controlled for:
- relative income 
instead of:
- duration of living in residence


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?
Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are.
0 totally dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 totally satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a higher probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a lower probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable.

OLRC< 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a lower probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a higher probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable.

OLRC = 0 No relationship between the independent and dependent variable..

Remarks:
The interpretation for the intermediate categories of the dependent variable are ambiguous. It is advised to use marginal effects..
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl