Subject code: L11ab02

Study | Shields et al. (2009): study AU 2001 |

Title | Life Satisfaction and the Economic and Social Characteristics of Neighbourhoods. |

Source | Journal of Population Economics, 2009, Vol. 22, 421 - 443 |

DOI | DOI: 10.1007/s00148-007-0146-7 |

Public | 15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001 |

Sample | Probability multi-stage random |

Non-Response | 34% |

Respondents N = | 13903 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | Neighbourhood characteristic: % immigrants |

Page in Source | 427, 436, 438, 441 |

Our classification | Ethnic diversity in vinicity, code L11ab02 |

Operationalization | Percentage of immigrants from non-English speaking countries in total neighbourhood population. 1: <5% 2: ?20% |

Observed distribution | Males: M=12.5% SD=12.4; Females: M=12.8% SD=12.5 |

Remarks | A neighbourhood consists of approximately 250 households on average who live in close proximity to each other. Data derived from Australian population census |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d | DM=- | Males Females <5% immigrants 8.03 8.13 ?20% immigrants 7.60 7.74 - difference .43 .39 |

O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d | OPRC=-.01 p < .01 | MALES |

O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d | OPRC=-.01 p < .01 | FEMALES OPRC's controlled for: - region in Australia - remoteness of place of residence - relative income - neighbourhood characteristics a) rate of single parents b) unemployment rate c) rate of home owners d) rate of employees working in a professional occupation e) aged 65 years and over f) social interaction and social support g) local disamenity h) insecurity in the neighbourhood - age and age squared - marital status - number of children - number of adults in household - being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander - being an immigrant - English speaking ability - health - education - employment status - household income - house ownership - religion - frequency-preference of paying bills - suspicious of interview questions - others present during interview - respondent was living with both parents at age 14 OPRC's are similar when controlling for: - duration of living in residence instead of: - relative income |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d | Selfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life? Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are. 0 totally dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 totally satisfied |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

DM | DIFFERENCE of MEANS Type: descriptive statistic only. Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero. Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels. |

OPRC | ORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses Theoretical range: unlimited OPRC > 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a higher probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a lower probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable. OLRC< 0 A one unit increase in the independent variable corresponds to a lower probability of responding in the highest category of the dependent variable and to a higher probability of responding in the lowest category of the dependent variable. OLRC = 0 No relationship between the independent and dependent variable.. Remarks: The interpretation for the intermediate categories of the dependent variable are ambiguous. It is advised to use marginal effects.. |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl