Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about social participation
Subject code: S08ac01

StudyCheng & Chan (2006): study HK 2000
TitleRelationship with Others and Life Satisfaction in Later Life: Do Gender and Widowhood make a Difference?
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 2006, Vol. 61b, 46 - 53
Public60+ aged, Hong Kong, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Respondents N =1616

Author's labelFormal activities
Page in Source 49-50
Our classificationConcern about social participation, code S08ac01
Self report on 3 questions:
a: how often do you participate in organizing 
activities for others?
b: how often do you participated in group activities?
c: how often do you participate in activities that 
arose your curiosity and concern?

Response options not reported
Observed distributionM=2.40 SD=0.90
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha is .76

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-ar=+.19 p < .001
Set Image size:   

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-aSelfreport on 2 questions

A Happiness
B Life-satisfaction

Texts not reported

Summation: A+B

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.