Correlational finding on Happiness and Sensory stimulation
Subject code: H16ad02aa

StudyVanWeert et al. (2004): study NL 2001
TitleBehavioral and Mood Effects of Snoezelen Integrated in 24-h Dementia Care.
SourceVanWeert, J.M.: "Multi-Sensory Stimulation in 24-Hour Dementia Care", Thesis University Utrecht, 2004, Netherlands, 139 - 163
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.53006.x/full
PublicDemented elderly and controls, before and after sensory stimulation program,The Netherlands, 2001-2003
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =125

Correlate
Author's labelSensory Stimulation Program
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSensory stimulation, code H16ad02aa
Operationalization
Snoezelen or Multi-Sensory Stimulation (MSS) is a 
widely used and accepted approach to nursing home 
residents suffering from dementia. It is an approach 
which actively stimulates the senses by light, sound, 
smell and touch. Treatment was integrated in daily 
care.

Patients were treated according to an individualized 
plan by trained caregivers.

Controls were randomly selected from the same nursing 
homes.
Observed distributionPre-test : Experimental 62, Controls: 63 Pre-test and post-test completers: Experimental: 29, Controls 32 Newly included in post-test: Experimentals 37, Controls 31
Remarks
Demented patients selected for treatment were 1) not 
bed riden 2) their hearing and vision was completely or 
partly unimpaired and 3) had no additional psychiatric 
diagnosis

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-rdv-n-5-aDM=+ p < .001
               Experimentals  Controls  
Pre-test    M =  2.74          3.07        
Post-test   M =  3.47          2.63        
-difference     +0.73 (001)   -0.44 (ns)
A-CA-mh-rdv-f-3-aDM=+
               Experimentals  Controls  
Pre-test    M =  2.10          2.17        
Post-test   M =  2.49          2.16        
- change        +0.39 (001)   -0.01 (ns)

Pre-test posttest lag 18 months


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-CA-mh-rdv-f-3-aRating of mood by two independent observers from videotaped session
Rated using smilies
1 frowning face
2 neutral face
3 smiling face
A-CA-mh-rdv-n-5-aRating of non-verbal behavior on four aspects

A tearful/sad
B happy/content
C fearful/anxious
D confused

Rated
1 not at all
2
3
4
5 nearly all the time

Subscale of Baker & Dowling (1995) INTERACT schedule


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl