Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with children
Subject code: H20ab02

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement
Page in Source 312
Our classificationLiving with children, code H20ab02
Operationalization
Questions on living arrangement were operationalized 
as:
a: living with offspring
b: living with older adults
c: number of generations in the household
d: number of living children
Dichotomized as:
1: Yes 
0: No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-2.4 ns
Living with offspring    (vs. not)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+5.9 p < .01
Living with older adults (vs. not)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+2.7 ns
Number of generations in the household
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+4.5 ns
Number of living children

B is controlled for: 
-residence
-marital status
-income
-education
-age
-gender


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

.. Global life quality.. (full text not reported)
0 lowest quality
.
.
100 highest quality

Rated on line scale with 10 point demarcations between 0 and 100

Name: Spitzer Uniscale


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl