Correlational finding on Happiness and Services
Subject code: C10ab04e

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelService use frequency (each time per day)
Page in Source 322
Our classificationServices, code C10ab04e
Operationalization
Self report on service use frequency (each time per 
day):
a: interest group
b: meal service
c: travel
d: meal to home service
e: home cleaning service
f: personal care service
g: sport facilities
h: volunteer service
i: medical service
j: nursing service
Remarks
1 unit= 1 time per day

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.3 ns
FREQUENCY SERVICE USED OF ..
-interest group
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.6 p < .05
-meal service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+2.0 ns
-travel
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-3.4 p < .01
-meal to home service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+2.4 ns
-home cleaning service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.5 ns
-personal care service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.2 ns
-sport facilities
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.3 ns
-volunteer service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-3.6 ns
-medical service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-2.0 ns
-nursing service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aRČ=0.3
a+b+c+d+e+f+g++h+i+j

B is controlled for:
-age
-sex
-education
-acquiescence
-reception of public welfare
-religious faith
-living arrangement
-marital status
-quality of life in the past years

No significant interactions with
-chronic illness
-age
-sex


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

.. Global life quality.. (full text not reported)
0 lowest quality
.
.
100 highest quality

Rated on line scale with 10 point demarcations between 0 and 100

Name: Spitzer Uniscale


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
RČ = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
RČ = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl