Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelSocio-demographic factors
Page in Source 313
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
A Religion
  a: Protestant
  b: Catholic
  c: Buddhist
  d: Daoist
B Residence
  a: public-provided rental flat
  b: public-provided owned flat 
  c: residence in a private flat 
  d: residence in a private room 
C Living Arrangement 
  a: living with offspring
  b: living with older adults
  c: number of generations in the household
D Marital Status
  a: number of living children 
  b: unmarried 
  c: married 
  d: cohabiting 
  e: divorced 
  f: widowed
E Income Level(lowest to highest)
F Source of Income
  a: income from earnings
  b: income from the spouse
  c: income from children 
  d: income from other relatives
  e: income from public assistance
  f: income from pension
G  Education (lowest to highest)
H  Age (lowest to highest)
I  Female (vs male)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.04
A+B+C+D+E+F+G+H+I


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

.. Global life quality.. (full text not reported)
0 lowest quality
.
.
100 highest quality

Rated on line scale with 10 point demarcations between 0 and 100

Name: Spitzer Uniscale


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
RČ = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
RČ = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl