Correlational finding on Happiness and Married state (compared to non-married states)
Subject code: M02aa

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelMarital Status
Page in Source 312
Our classificationMarried state (compared to non-married states), code M02aa
Operationalization
Selfreported marital status
1  marital relation
   a: married
   b: cohabiting
0  no marital relation
   a: unmarried
   b: divorced
   c: widowed

Rated
1: yes
0: no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+2.4 ns
unmarried (vs. cohabiting)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-2.5 ns
married (vs. cohabiting)
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.5 ns
widowed (vs. cohabiting)

B is controlled for: 
-residence
-living arrangement
-income
-education
-age
-gender
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+4.4 ns
divorced (vs. cohabiting)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

.. Global life quality.. (full text not reported)
0 lowest quality
.
.
100 highest quality

Rated on line scale with 10 point demarcations between 0 and 100

Name: Spitzer Uniscale


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl