Correlational finding on Happiness and Current handicap
Subject code: H02ab

StudyHo et al. (1995): study HK 1992
TitleLife Satisfaction and Associated Factors in Older Hong Kong Chinese.
SourceThe American Geriatrics Society, 1995, Vol. 43, 252 - 255
Public70+aged, Hong Kong, 1991-1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1557

Correlate
Author's labelPoor functional ability-Barthel Index
Page in Source 253
Our classificationCurrent handicap, code H02ab
Operationalization
Self report of ability in the functional activities 
a: Feeding
 0 = unable
 5 = needs help cutting, spreading butter, etc., or 
requires modified diet
 10 = independent
b: Bathing
 0 = dependent
 5 = independent (or in shower)
c: Grooming
 0 = needs to help with personal care
 5 = independent face/hair/teeth/shaving (implements 
provided)
d: Dressing
 0 = dependent
 5 = needs help but can do about half unaided
 10 = independent (including buttons, zips, laces, 
etc.)
e: Bowels
 0 = incontinent (or needs to be given enemas)
 5 = occasional accident
 10 = continent
f: Bladder
 0 = incontinent, or catheterized and unable to manage 
alone
 5 = occasional accident
 10 = continent
g: Toilet Use
 0 = dependent
 5 = needs some help, but can do something alone
 10 = independent (on and off, dressing, wiping)
h: Transfers (bed to chair and back)
 0 = unable, no sitting balance
 5 = major help (one or two people, physical), can sit
 10 = minor help (verbal or physical)
 15 = independent
i: Mobility (on level surfaces)
 0 = immobile or < 50 yards
 5 = wheelchair independent, including corners, > 50 
yards
 10 = walks with help of one person (verbal or 
physical) > 50 yards
 15 = independent (but may use any aid; for example, 
stick) > 50 yards
j: Stairs
0: unable
5= needs help (verbal, physical, carrying aid)
10= independent
TOTAL (0-100)
Remarks
Barthel(1965)functional ability index, Chinese version

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bOR=0.3 p < .05
CI95 [0.1-0.8]

OR controlled for:
-place of residence
-marital status
-presence of joint pain


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bSelf report on single question:

.. Life satisfaction .. (full text not reported)
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl