Correlational finding on Happiness and Ethnic status in the USA
Subject code: E04ab03t

StudyHochstim et al. (1968): study US Oakland County, Michigan 1960
TitlePoverty Area under the Microscope.
SourceAmerican Journal of Public Health, 1968, Vol. 58, 1015 -1027
PublicAdults, general public, Oakland California, USA, 1960-1965
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2580

Correlate
Author's labelWhite race
Page in Source 1024
Our classificationEthnic status in the USA, code E04ab03t
Operationalization
0 Black                                1 White

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caG= - p < . 05
Poverty area       G' = +.11 (01)
Non poverty area   G' = -.11 (01)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caSelfreport on single question:

Generally speaking; how would you say, you are these days.....?
1 very happy
2 pretty happy
3 not too happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl