Correlational finding on Happiness and Subjective poverty
Subject code: I01ac02

StudyHochstim et al. (1968): study US Oakland County, Michigan 1960
TitlePoverty Area under the Microscope.
SourceAmerican Journal of Public Health, 1968, Vol. 58, 1015 -1027
PublicAdults, general public, Oakland California, USA, 1960-1965
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2580

Correlate
Author's labelIncome adequacy
Page in Source 1026
Our classificationSubjective poverty, code I01ac02
Operationalization
Inadequate / marginal / adequate       Score on the 
basis of both             family-income per month and 
size of    household.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caG= + p < .05
Poverty area       G' = +.36  (01)               
Non-poverty area   G '= +.19  (01)
Difference in Gamma between areas significant (01)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caSelfreport on single question:

Generally speaking; how would you say, you are these days.....?
1 very happy
2 pretty happy
3 not too happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl