Correlational finding on Happiness and Local prosperity
Subject code: L12ab03

StudyHochstim et al. (1968): study US Oakland County, Michigan 1960
TitlePoverty Area under the Microscope.
SourceAmerican Journal of Public Health, 1968, Vol. 58, 1015 -1027
PublicAdults, general public, Oakland California, USA, 1960-1965
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2580

Correlate
Author's labelLives in poverty area
Page in Source 1020
Our classificationLocal prosperity, code L12ab03
Operationalization
0 Non-poverty area
1 Poverty area (census treats with male
  unemployment rates of 9 % or higher
  in 1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caG=-.26 p < .05
Poverty area:     16 % "not too happy"
Non poverty area: 10 % "not too happy"


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caSelfreport on single question:

Generally speaking; how would you say, you are these days.....?
1 very happy
2 pretty happy
3 not too happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl