Correlational finding on Happiness and Depressive (f31-33)
Subject code: H13ac04a

StudyHo et al. (1995): study HK 1992
TitleLife Satisfaction and Associated Factors in Older Hong Kong Chinese.
SourceThe American Geriatrics Society, 1995, Vol. 43, 252 - 255
Public70+aged, Hong Kong, 1991-1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1557

Correlate
Author's labelDepressive symptom score
Page in Source 253
Our classificationDepressive (f31-33), code H13ac04a
Operationalization
Self report on 30 questions: 
a: Are you basically satisfied with your life? Yes 
No(1)
b: Have you dropped many of your activities and 
interests? Yes(1) No 
c: Do you feel that your life is empty? Yes(1) No 
d: Do you often get bored? Yes(1) No
e: Are you hopeful about the future? Yes No(1)
f: Are you bothered by thoughts you can't get out of 
your head? Yes(1) No
g: Are you in good spirits most of the time? Yes No(1)
h: Are you afraid that something bad is going to happen 
to you? Yes(1) No
i: Do you feel happy most of the time? Yes No(1) 
j: Do you often feel helpless? Yes(1) No
k: Do you often get restless and fidgety? Yes(1) No
l: Do you prefer to stay at home rather than go out and 
do things? Yes(1) No
m: Do you frequently worry about the future? Yes(1) No
n: Do you feel you have more problems with memory than 
most? Yes(1) No
o: Do you think it is wonderful to be alive now? Yes 
No(1)
p: Do you feel downhearted and blue? Yes(1) No 
r: Do you feel pretty worthless the way you are now? 
Yes(1) No
s: Do you worry a lot about the past? Yes(1) No 
t: Do you find life very exciting? Yes No(1) 
u: Is it hard for you to get started on new projects? 
Yes(1) No
v: Do you feel full of energy? Yes No(1)
w: Do you feel that your situation is hopeless? Yes(1) 
No
x: Do you think that most people are better off than 
you are? Yes(1) No
y: Do you frequently get upset over little things? 
Yes(1) No
z: Do you frequently feel like crying? Yes(1) No 
aa: Do you have trouble concentrating? Yes(1) No 
ab: Do you enjoy getting up in the morning? Yes No(1)
ac: Do you prefer to avoid social occasions? Yes(1) No
ad: Is it easy for you to make decisions? Yes No(1)
ae: Is your mind as clear as it used to be? Yes No(1)

1: Depressive symptom score is equal to 8 and more
0: Depressive symptom score is less than 8
Remarks
Geriatric Depression Scale by Yesavage and Brink (1983) 
had been translated into Chinese and validated.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bOR=0.2 p < .05
CI95 [0.2-0.3]

OR controlled for:
-place of residence
-marital status
-presence of joint pain


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bSelf report on single question:

.. Life satisfaction .. (full text not reported)
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl