### Correlational finding on Happiness and Degree of restrictionSubject code: H14ac01

 Study Ho et al. (1995): study HK 1992 Title Life Satisfaction and Associated Factors in Older Hong Kong Chinese. Source The American Geriatrics Society, 1995, Vol. 43, 252 - 255 Public 70+aged, Hong Kong, 1991-1992 Sample Probability stratified sample Non-Response Respondents N = 1557

 Correlate Author's label Poor functional ability-Barthel Index Page in Source 253 Our classification Degree of restriction, code H14ac01 Operationalization ```Self report of ability in the functional activities a: Feeding 0 = unable 5 = needs help cutting, spreading butter, etc., or requires modified diet 10 = independent b: Bathing 0 = dependent 5 = independent (or in shower) c: Grooming 0 = needs to help with personal care 5 = independent face/hair/teeth/shaving (implements provided) d: Dressing 0 = dependent 5 = needs help but can do about half unaided 10 = independent (including buttons, zips, laces, etc.) e: Bowels 0 = incontinent (or needs to be given enemas) 5 = occasional accident 10 = continent f: Bladder 0 = incontinent, or catheterized and unable to manage alone 5 = occasional accident 10 = continent g: Toilet Use 0 = dependent 5 = needs some help, but can do something alone 10 = independent (on and off, dressing, wiping) h: Transfers (bed to chair and back) 0 = unable, no sitting balance 5 = major help (one or two people, physical), can sit 10 = minor help (verbal or physical) 15 = independent i: Mobility (on level surfaces) 0 = immobile or < 50 yards 5 = wheelchair independent, including corners, > 50 yards 10 = walks with help of one person (verbal or physical) > 50 yards 15 = independent (but may use any aid; for example, stick) > 50 yards j: Stairs 0: unable 5= needs help (verbal, physical, carrying aid) 10= independent TOTAL (0-100) ``` Remarks ```Barthel(1965)functional ability index, Chinese version ```

 Observed Relation with Happiness HappinessMeasure Statistics Elaboration/Remarks O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-b OR=0.3 p < .05 ```CI95 [0.1-0.8] OR controlled for: -place of residence -marital status -presence of joint pain ```

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
 Code Full Text O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-b Self report on single question:.. Life satisfaction .. (full text not reported)10 very satisfied9876543210 very dissatisfied

Appendix 2: Statistics used
 Symbol Explanation OR ODDS RATIOType: descriptive statistic only.Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomousRange: nonnegative unlimitedMeaning: OR = 1 « no association at all; OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl