Correlational finding on Happiness and Blaming
Subject code: P05aj

StudyLaxer (1964): study US 1960
TitleRelation of Real Self-Rating to Mood and Blame and Their Interaction in Depression.
SourceJournal of Consulting Psychology, 1964, Vol. 28, 538 - 546
PublicPsychiatric patients, USA, 196?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response3
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelblame assignment
Page in Source 543
Our classificationBlaming, code P05aj
Operationalization
Response to question "What has brought me in my present 
condition?" such as:
- I am no good
- I have tried my best, but others would not cooperate
- I don't know why I am ill
From a set of 23 such statements patients selected 3 
that fitted their case best. Statements were written on 
cards, which patients took from a pile. Cards were 
shuffeled prior to each presentation to a patient.

Each of the statement had a precode self-blame score. 
The average of these scores from the 3 selected cards 
was computed.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-md-sq-v-10-ar=-.10 ns


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AOL-md-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

"......overall mood of the past day ......"
( full question not reported.)
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous
delight and buoyancy
8 Elated and in high spirits
7 Feeling very good and cheerful
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4 Spirits low and somewhat "blue"
3 Depressed and feeling very low.
Definitely "blue"
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - Depression Scale'


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl