Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed life-events: weighted in context
Subject code: L06ab01d

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelLife-Quality
Our classificationSummed life-events: weighted in context, code L06ab01d
Operationalization
Life-quality was evaluated for burdingness by an 
expert-panel on the basis of information concerning the 

living conditions, health, social contacts, etc of the 
Ss.
The amount of burdening accompaning an condition was 
judged against what could be expected for the social 
and economic group to which the Ss belonged.
Assessed at T3(1977).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.44 p < .01
T2 happiness by T3 life-quality
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.45 p < .01
T3 happiness by T3 life-quality
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cL=+.31
T3 happiness by T3 life-quality.
L path coefficient in a LISREL model also 
involving neuroticism, self esteem, internal 
control, intimacy with partner and adequacy of 
coping,  
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cL=+.33
T3 happiness by T3 life-quality.
Simplified model (ommitting intimacy and coping)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variant)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
ZZZZZPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl