Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelSelf esteem
Page in Source 350,254
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
9-item additive index rated on a 2-point scale.
Typical items are:
- I can change my habits easily.
- I can achieve a lot within a short 
  time.
- When people demand much of me, I  
  don't get nervous.
Self-acceptance Scale from Nederlandse Persoonlijkheids 
Vragenlijst (NVP),
Luteyn ca 1975.
Assessed at T2(1976)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.29 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 selfesteem
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.27 p < .01
T3 happiness by T2 selfesteem

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cL=+.25
T2 happiness by T2 self-esteem.
L path coefficient in a LISREL model, also 
involving neuroticism, internal control, intimacy 
with partner, adequacy of coping and self- and  
externally induced burdens.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cL=+.15
T3 happiness by T3 self-esteem.
L path coefficient in a LISREL model, also 
involving neuroticism, internal control and 
quality of life.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cL=+.20
T2 happiness by T2 self-esteem.
L path coefficient in a LISREL model, also 
involving neuroticism, internal control, unhappy 
childhood and traumatic childhood experiences.


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (shortened variant)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
ZZZZZPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl