Correlational finding on Happiness and Depressive (f31-33)
Subject code: H13ac04a

StudyBrook et al. (1979): study US Dakota County, Minnesota 1972
TitleOverview of Adult Health Status Measures Fielded in Rand's Health Insurance Study.
SourceMedical Care, 1979, Vol. 17
PublicHeads of households, Dayton , USA, 1972-1979
SampleProbability simple random sample
Respondents N =3441

Author's labelDepression
Page in Source 24 + 29 + 31+ 42
Our classificationDepressive (f31-33), code H13ac04a
Self-report on 3 questions:
During the past month...
a. Did you feel depressed?
b. Have you felt so sad, discouraged, hopeless, or had 
so many problems that you wondered if anything was 
c. Have you felt downhearted and blue?
Observed distributionRange 3-18, M=5.64, SD=4.67
Error EstimatesInternal-Consistency=.84

Observed Relation with Happiness
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.44 p < .01

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life

Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.