Subject code: H18ab02

Study | Dunn et al. (2008): study US 2008 |

Title | Spending Money on Others Promotes Happiness. |

Source | Science, 2008, Vol. 319, 1687 - 1688 |

DOI | DOI:10.1126/science.1150952 |

Public | 18+ aged, general public, USA, 2008 |

Sample | Non-probability accidental sample |

Non-Response | |

Respondents N = | 632 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | spending |

Page in Source | 1 |

Our classification | Charity, code H18ab02 |

Operationalization | Selfreport on two questions on how much one spends in a typical month on: A for oneself - bills and expenses - gifts for themselves B for others - gifts for others - donation to charity |

Observed distribution | personal M=$1713.91, SD=1895.65; prosocial M=$145.96, SD=306.06 |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b | SPENDING FOR ONESELF | |

M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b | r=+.03 ns | |

M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b | Beta=-.02 ns | Beta controlled for: - spending for others |

M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b | Beta=-.04 ns | Beta additionally controlled for: - income |

M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b | SPENDING FOR OTHERS | |

M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b | r=+.11 p < .01 | |

M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b | Beta=+.11 p < .01 | Beta controlled for: - spending for one-self |

M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b | Beta=+.10 p < .03 | Beta additonally controlled for: - income |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b | Selfreport on single question: Do you feel happy in general? 1 no 2 rarely 3 sometimes 4 most of the time 5 yes |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

Beta | STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS) Type: test statistic. Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric. Range: [-1 ; +1] Meaning: beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average. beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average. beta = 0 « no correlation. beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation. |

r | PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient') Type: test statistic. Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric Range: [-1; +1] Meaning: r = 0 « no correlation , r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values. |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl