Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived safety in community
Subject code: L17ac03

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2000): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleCriminal Victimization and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 50, 245 - 295
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006930019814
PublicAdult general population, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response63%
Respondents N =737

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood crime increased
Page in Source 249/50, 273
Our classificationPerceived safety in community, code L17ac03
Operationalization
Answer to question whether crime in neighbourhood has 
increased compared to two years ago
3 increased
2 remained the same
1 decreased
0 don't know
Observed distribution0: 9% 1: 4% 2: 45% 3: 41%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br= ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-er= ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.10 p < .05


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-eSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as…?
1 very unhappy
2 unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mixed
5 happy
6 happy
7 very happy

lVerbal abel 'unhappy' used for numerical options 2 and 3 together. Likewise verbal label 'happy'used for both numerical options 5 and 6.
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl