Correlational finding on Happiness and Sociable
Subject code: P05cy

StudyRafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995
TitleRating Well-Being and Distress.
SourceStress Medicine, 2000, Vol. 16, 55 - 61
PublicRemitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =40

Author's labelPositive relations
Page in Source 58, 59
Our classificationSociable, code P05cy
Selfreport on 9 questions:
a: I dont't have many people who want to listen when I 
need to talk
b: I enjoy personal and mutual conversations with 
family members and friends
c: I often feel lonely because I have few close friends 
with whom to share my concerns
d: It seems to me that most other people have more 
friends than I do
e: People would describe me as a giving person, willing 
to share my time with others
f: Most people see me as loving and affectionate
g: I know I can trust my friends, and the know they can 
trust me
h: Maintaining close relationships has been difficult 
and frustrating for me
i: I have not experienced many warm and trusting 
relationships with others.

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly 
disagree to 6= strongly agree)
Observed distributionPatients: M= 7,6; SD=3,5 Controls: M=11,7; SD=2,2
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), 
subscale Positive Relations

Observed Relation with Happiness
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.43 ns
remitted mental out-patients
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.28 ns
healthy control group

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 6 questions

Please describe how you have felt during THE PAST WEEK and make a small check mark. For example, the word nervous is on the first line. If you have felt nervous, check YES, if you have not felt nervous check NO
A Cheerfull
B Happy
C Feeling well
D Contented
E Enjoying yourself
F Looking forward to the future

1 yes
0 no

Name: Contentment subscale in Kellner's Symptom Questionnaire (SQ).
Version: Past Week.

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.