Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-actualization (need for)
Subject code: P05cr

StudyRafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995
TitleRating Well-Being and Distress.
SourceStress Medicine, 2000, Vol. 16, 55 - 61
PublicRemitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal Growth
Page in Source 58, 59
Our classificationSelf-actualization (need for), code P05cr
Operationalization
Selfreport on 11 questions:
a: I am not interested in activities that will expand 
my horizons
b: I have the sense that I have developed a lot as a 
person over time
c: When I think about it, I haven't really improved 
much as a person over the years
d: I think it is important to have new experiences that 
challenge how I think about myself and the world
e: I think it is important to have new experiences that 
challenge how you think about yourself and the world
f: I don't want to try new ways of doing things -- my 
life is fine the way it is
g: I do not enjoy being in new situations that require 
me to change my old familiar ways of doing things
h: There is truth to the saying you can't teach an old 
dog new tricks
i: For me, life has been a continuous process of 
learning, changing and growing
j: For me, life has been a continuous process of 
learning, changing, and growth
k: I gave up trying to make big improvements or changes 
in my life a long time ago.

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly 
disagree to 6= strongly agree)
Observed distributionPatients: M= 9,1; SD=3,0 Controls: M=11,7; SD=1,6
Remarks
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), 
subscale Personal Growth

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.30 ns
remitted mental out-patients
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.22 ns
healthy control group


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 6 questions

Please describe how you have felt during THE PAST WEEK and make a small check mark. For example, the word nervous is on the first line. If you have felt nervous, check YES, if you have not felt nervous check NO
A Cheerfull
B Happy
C Feeling well
D Contented
E Enjoying yourself
F Looking forward to the future

Rating:
1 yes
0 no

Name: Contentment subscale in Kellner's Symptom Questionnaire (SQ).
Version: Past Week.


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl