Correlational finding on Happiness and Age-differences among elders
Subject code: A04ab03

StudyParker et al. (1992): study SE 1986
TitlePredictors of Mortality for the Oldest Old. A 4-Year Follow-Up of Community-Based Elderly in Sweden.
SourceArchives of Gerontology and Geriatics, 1992, Vol. 14, 227 - 237
Public75+ aged, rural community, Sweden, followed 4 years, 1986-1990
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response4%
Respondents N =421

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 230
Our classificationAge-differences among elders, code A04ab03
Operationalization
Age in years
1: 75-84
2: 85+
Remarks
Age at T1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-5-eD%=+
% very happy
75-84 aged   45%
85+ aged     47%
-difference  +2%
O-HL-g-sq-v-5-eD%=+
% fairly happy 
75-84 aged    37%
85+ aged      42%
-difference   +5%
O-HL-g-sq-v-5-eD%=-
% so-so or unhappy
75-84 aged    16%
85+ aged      10%
-difference   -6%


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-g-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

How happy are you with life in general?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 so-so
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl