Correlational finding on Happiness and Active participation
Subject code: C14ab02

StudyMichalos (2005): study CA Prince George 2003
TitleArts and the Quality of Life: An Exploratory Study.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 11 - 59
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-004-8013-3
PublicAdults, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 2003
SampleProbability simple random sample
Respondents N =315

Author's labelTime spent on arts-related actvities: Buying works of art
Page in Source 36, 55
Our classificationActive participation, code C14ab02
Selfreport of times per year buying work of arts
Respondents who never buy works of art were asked to 
write '0'.
Observed distributionAvergae 2.09 times per year
Only people who buy works of art (N=116)

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gr=+.20 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br= ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr= ns

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.