Correlational finding on Happiness and Sex (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyCornelisse-Vermaat (2005): study NL 2001
TitleHousehold Production, Health and Happiness. A Comparison of the Native Dutch and Non-Western Immigrants in the Netherlands.
SourcePhD Thesis, University of Wageningen, 2005, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response76,6%
Respondents N =2551

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 142 + 147
Our classificationSex (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
0:Females
1:Males
Observed distributionfemales 56,7%; males 43,3%.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=+.02 ns
Native Dutch (N=697)
F:     Mean 7,56  SE:0,07
M:     Mean 7,58  SE:0,09
Difference +0,02
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=+.02 ns
Surinamese/Antilleans in the Netherlands (N=687)
F:    Mean  7,35  SE:0,07
M:    Mean  7,37  SE:0,08
Difference +0,02
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=-.04 ns
Maroccans in the Netherlands (N=423)
F:    Mean  7,41  SE:0,10
M:    Mean  7,37  SE:0,09
Difference -0,04
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=+.18 ns
Turks in the Netherlands (N=676)
F:    Mean  7,05  SE:0,07
M:    Mean  7,23  SE:0,08
Difference +0,18
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.04 p < .10
Females (vs. Males)
Beta controlled for:
-ethnic groups
-education
-age
-smoking
-overweight
-self-reported health
-marital status
-having children
-working hours
-household income
-total outsourcing expenditures
-total household and caretime
-homeownership
-living in urbanm area
-unemployment
-religious affiliation


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl