Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier neurotocism
Subject code: P02ab17

StudyCosta & McCrae (1980): study US 1965
TitleInfluence of Extraversion and Neuroticism on Subjective Well-Being: Happy and Unhappy People.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1980, Vol. 38, 668 - 678
Public25-75 aged white males (largely veterans), followed 10 years, USA, 1965-76
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelNeuroticism
Page in Source 675
Our classificationEarlier neurotocism, code P02ab17
Operationalization
Cattell (1973) Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire
Assessed at T1 (10 years ago)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cy-mq-v-2-ar=-.30 p < .001
Hedonic level assessed at T2
NAS: r = +.39  (001)
PAS: r = -.08  ns


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cy-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on10 questions asked 4 times a year at 3 month intervals.

"During the past few weeks, did you ever feel.....?" (yes/no)
A Particularly exited, or interested in something?
B So restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone critized you?

Scoring: yes = 1, no is = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible: range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale'


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl