### Correlational finding on Happiness and Personal incomeSubject code: I01ab01

 Study Dunn et al. (2008): study US 2008 Title Spending Money on Others Promotes Happiness. Source Science, 2008, Vol. 319, 1687 - 1688 DOI DOI:10.1126/science.1150952 Public 18+ aged, general public, USA, 2008 Sample Non-probability accidental sample Non-Response Respondents N = 632

 Correlate Author's label Income Page in Source 1 Our classification Personal income, code I01ab01 Operationalization 1 < \$20,000 2 \$20,001-\$35,000 3 \$35,001-\$50,000 4 \$50,001-\$65,000 5 \$65,001-\$80,000 6 > \$80,001

 Observed Relation with Happiness HappinessMeasure Statistics Elaboration/Remarks M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b r=+.11 p < .01 M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b Beta=+.11 p < .01 Beta controlled for: - Spending in a typical month for one-self - Spending in a typical month for others

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
 Code Full Text M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b Selfreport on single question:Do you feel happy in general?1 no2 rarely3 sometimes4 most of the time5 yes

Appendix 2: Statistics used
 Symbol Explanation Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)Type: test statistic.Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.Range: [-1 ; +1]Meaning: beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.beta = 0 « no correlation.beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation. r PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')Type: test statistic.Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metricRange: [-1; +1]Meaning:r = 0 « no correlation ,r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, andr = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl