Correlational finding on Happiness and Other people
Subject code: C10ab03k

StudyDunn et al. (2008): study US 2008
TitleSpending Money on Others Promotes Happiness.
SourceScience, 2008, Vol. 319, 1687 - 1688
DOIDOI:10.1126/science.1150952
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2008
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =632

Correlate
Author's labelspending
Page in Source 1
Our classificationOther people, code C10ab03k
Operationalization
Selfreport on two questions on how much one spends in a 
typical month on:
A for oneself
  - bills and expenses
  - gifts for themselves
B for others
  - gifts for others
  - donation to charity
Observed distributionpersonal M=$1713.91, SD=1895.65; prosocial M=$145.96, SD=306.06

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b
SPENDING FOR ONESELF
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-br=+.03 ns
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-bBeta=-.02 ns
Beta controlled for:
- spending for others
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-bBeta=-.04 ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- income
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-b
SPENDING FOR OTHERS
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-br=+.11 p < .01
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.11 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- spending for one-self
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.10 p < .03
Beta additonally controlled for:
- income


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel happy in general?
1 no
2 rarely
3 sometimes
4 most of the time
5 yes


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl