Correlational finding on Happiness and Compulsory retirement (vs free choice)
Subject code: R12ae02

StudyPeretti & Wilson (1975): study US 1973
TitleVoluntary and Involuntary Retirement of Aged Males and Their Effect on Emotional Satisfaction, Usefulness, Self-Image, Emotional Stability and Interpersonal Relationships.
SourceInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1975, Vol. 6, 38 - 51
Public60-70 aged living in a retirement home, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =140

Correlate
Author's labelVoluntary retirement
Page in Source 134
Our classificationCompulsory retirement (vs free choice), code R12ae02
Operationalization
0 Involuntary retirement
1 Voluntary retirement

Both groups matched for years of retirement, 
occupational level and length of stay in the 
institution.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-ACO-c-mq-v-2-aC=+.32 p < .001


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-ACO-c-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 7 questions:

Questions are indicative for contentment, good spirits, happiness and satisfaction with present status or condition.
(Full items not reported)

Response options:
no = 1
yes = 2

Summation:
On basis of these questions Ss were dichotomized in;
b emotionally satisfied
a not emotionally satisfied.


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
CPearson's CONTINGENCY COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [0; SQRT(1-1/s)], where s = the lesser of c and r, the number of columns and rows respectively.

Meaning:
C = 0 no association.
C = SQRT( 1-1/s) strongest possible association
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl