Correlational finding on Happiness and Intensity of affects
Subject code: A03ab04

StudyDiener et al. (1991): study US 1989
TitleHappiness is the Frequency, not Intensity, of Positive versus Negative Affect.
SourceStrack, F.;et al;Eds.: "Subjective Well-Being", Pergamon, 1991, Oxford, UK, 119 - 140
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/strack_f_1991.pdf
PublicStudents , USA, 1989
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =107

Correlate
Author's labelInteraction of positiv and negative affect
Page in Source 219
Our classificationIntensity of affects, code A03ab04
Operationalization
Experience Sampling Method at random moments and at the 
end of a day over 6 weeks

INTENSITY OF POSITIVE AFFECT
SUM OF ALL (pos.affect?pos.affect>neg.affect)/n

FREQUENCY OF POSITIVE AFFECT
SUM OF ALL (pos.affect?pos.affect>neg.affect)/n

A high in frequency (>80%), low in intensity
B high in intensity, low in frequency (>50%)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aDM=-
A high frequency M = 7.86
B high intensity M = 3.00
- difference        -4.86


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!)
9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl