Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =533

Author's labelrelatedness need satisfaction
Page in Source 574, 581, 582
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Selfreport on 10 questions about their feeling of 
relatedness in general, f.e.
- people in my life care about me
- a sense of contact with people who care for me, and 
whom I care for
- close and connected with other people who are 
important to me
- a strong sense of intimacy with the people I spent 
time with

Aggregate measures were computed by standardizing and 
averaging the twom measures
Observed distributionM = 3.97, SD = .64
Error Estimatesrelatedness ?=.74
subscale of the Basic Psychological Needs scale (BPNS; 
Deci et al., 2001) with 7 items
subscale of the need-satisfaction scale (Sheldon et 
al., 2001) with 3 items

Observed Relation with Happiness
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.15 p < .01
Beta's controlled for
- autonomy need satisfaction
- competence need satisfaction

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-AO---mq-*-124-aSelfreport on 25 questions:

A Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
Answers rated:
7 strongly agree
6 agree
5 slightly agree
4 neither agree nor disagree
3 slightly disagree
2 disagree
1 strongly disagree
Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)

B Indicate to what extend you feel this way in general in your life:
a nervous
b distressed
c afraid
d jittery
e irritable
f upset
g scared
h exiled
i ashamed
j guilty
k hostile
l active
m determined
n inspired
o enthusiastic
p alert
q attentive
r proud
s strong
t interested
Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely
Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS

Computation: A+B

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.