Correlational finding on Happiness and Consistent
Subject code: L04ac02e

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelInter-level consistency
Page in Source 578, 581, 582
Our classificationConsistent, code L04ac02e
Operationalization
Participants rated whether each area of their life is 
consistent or inconsistent with each of the other areas 
on a 1 (very different or inconsistent) to 5 (very 
similar or consistent)
- traits
- goals
- selves
- immediate social environment
The areas were juxtaposed two at a time, resulting in 
six differences
Observed distributionAll M = 3.80, SD = .62; USA M = 3.90; Singapore M = 3.67
Error Estimates? = .82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.09 p < .01
All

Beta controlled for
- Cultural membership
- Gender
- Competence need (self rated satisfaction)
- Neuroticism
- Goal-progress (Selfreport on sucess at most 
important personal goals)
- Self-esteem
- Social support (Selfreport on satisfaction with 
overall social support)
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.07 p < .10
USA
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.13 p < .01
Singapore

Beta controlled for
- Gender
- Competence need 
- Neuroticism
- Goal-progress 
- Self-esteem
- Social support


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-AO---mq-*-124-aSelfreport on 25 questions:

A Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
Answers rated:
7 strongly agree
6 agree
5 slightly agree
4 neither agree nor disagree
3 slightly disagree
2 disagree
1 strongly disagree
Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)

B Indicate to what extend you feel this way in general in your life:
a nervous
b distressed
c afraid
d jittery
e irritable
f upset
g scared
h exiled
i ashamed
j guilty
k hostile
l active
m determined
n inspired
o enthusiastic
p alert
q attentive
r proud
s strong
t interested
Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely
Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS

Computation: A+B


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl