Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =533

Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 576, 581, 582
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Selfreport on 6 questions, f.e.
- having people who can distract you from your worries 
when you feel under stress
- having people who care about you, regardless of what 
is happening to you
Rated satisfaction with their overall 

Rated 1 (very dissatisfied) to 5 (very satisfied)

Ratings were averaged to a composite score
Observed distributionAll M = 4.15, SD = .75; USA M = 4.26; Singapore M = 4.00
Error Estimates?=.90
Sarasons et al. (1987) brief social support measure

Observed Relation with Happiness
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.40 p < .01
Beta controlled for
- autonomy support
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.16 p < .01
Beta controlled for
- Cultural membership
- Gender
- Competence need (self rated satisfaction)
- Neuroticism (Selfreport on sucess at most 
important personal goals)
- Goal-progress
- Self-esteem
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.14 p < .01
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.18 p < .01

Beta's controlled for
- Gender
- Competence need satisfaction
- Neuroticism
- Goal-progress
- Self-esteem

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-AO---mq-*-124-aSelfreport on 25 questions:

A Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
Answers rated:
7 strongly agree
6 agree
5 slightly agree
4 neither agree nor disagree
3 slightly disagree
2 disagree
1 strongly disagree
Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)

B Indicate to what extend you feel this way in general in your life:
a nervous
b distressed
c afraid
d jittery
e irritable
f upset
g scared
h exiled
i ashamed
j guilty
k hostile
l active
m determined
n inspired
o enthusiastic
p alert
q attentive
r proud
s strong
t interested
Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely
Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS

Computation: A+B

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.