### Correlational finding on Happiness and Sequence of itemsSubject code: I06ab01

 Study Andrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 Title Social Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality. Source Plenum Press, 1976, New York, USA Public 18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3 Sample Probability area sample Non-Response 26% Respondents N = 1433

 Correlate Author's label Expected change in happiness Page in Source 78 Our classification Sequence of items, code I06ab01 Operationalization ```Difference in response to two identical questions asked twice in the interview: "Where do you expect your life to be five years from now?" Rated on a 9-point graphic scale ranging from best life (9) to worst life (1) ``` Remarks ```Question asked twice. Summation: arithmetic mean. Happiness measure type O-DT ```

 Observed Relation with Happiness HappinessMeasure Statistics Elaboration/Remarks O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a r=-.03 ```Mean of coded answers at beginning and end of the interview (see remarks). ``` O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a mr=-.03 ```O-DT asked twice: at the beginning of the interview: r=-.04 at the end of the interview: r=-.01 ``` C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-a r=-.41 O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-a r=-.10

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
 Code Full Text C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-a Selfreport on single question:"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have[ 8 ][ 7 ][ 6 ][ 5 ][ 4 ][ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version) O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a Selfreport on single question:How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?7 delighted6 pleased5 mostly satisfied4 mixed3 mostly dissatisfied2 unhappy1 terribleName: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version) O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a Selfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......?7 delighted6 pleased5 mostly satisfied4 mixed3 mostly dissatisfied2 unhappy1 terribleSummation: arithmetic meanName: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction' O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-a Selfreport on single question:"Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses in it, to represent a person who has all the good things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, to represent a person who has all the bad things in his life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you think comes closest to matching your life?"(circles not reproduced here )8 + + + + + + + +7 + + + + + + + -6 + + + + + + - -5 + + + + + - - -4 + + + + - - - -3 + + + - - - - -2 + + - - - - - - 2 + - - - - - - -0 - - - - - - - -Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'

Appendix 2: Statistics used
 Symbol Explanation mr Mean correlation coefficient (r). For r, see PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION r PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')Type: test statistic.Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metricRange: [-1; +1]Meaning:r = 0 « no correlation ,r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, andr = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl