Correlational finding on Happiness and Real-ideal congruence
Subject code: S02ad03a

StudyPavot et al. (1997): study US 1992
TitleThe Relationship between Self-Aspect Congruences Personality and Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 1997, Vol. 22, 183 - 191
PublicUndergraduate students, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =110

Author's labelSelf-aspect congruence
Page in Source 185-186
Our classificationReal-ideal congruence, code S02ad03a
Self-aspect congruence: correlation between 'real-self' 
and 'ought-self'descriptions as assessed using Q-sort 
Observed distributionM = 0.52; SD = 0.28
43-item version of the California Q-set (Block& Robins, 

Observed Relation with Happiness
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-ar=+.24 p < .05

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!)
9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.