Correlational finding on Happiness and Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)
Subject code: H04ab01b

StudyBaker et al. (2005): study US 1986
TitleProductive Activities and Subjective Well-Being among Older Adults: The Influence of Number of Activities and Time Commitment.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 73, 431 - 458
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-005-0805-6
Public60+ aged, USA, followed 3 years 1986-1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1279

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier life satisfaction
Page in Source 443
Our classificationPast happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago), code H04ab01b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
We have talked about various parts of your life, now I 
want to ask you about your life as a whole. How 
satisfied are you with your life as a whole these 
days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied
Observed distributionM = 5,6, SD = 1,5
Remarks
Assessed at T1 (1987) and T2 (1989)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ab=+.56 p < .001
T1 happiness by T2 happiness (3 year lag)
B (+.556) controlled for:
- Demographic variables
   - age
   - gender
   - education
   - race
   - marital status
- T1 health
- T1 kind of activities 
   - physical activity
   - social activities
   - religious participation
- T1 social support network 
- T1 participation in voluntary organization


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl