Correlational finding on Happiness and Ethnic status in South Africa
Subject code: E04ab03o

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelEthnicity
Page in Source 396
Our classificationEthnic status in South Africa, code E04ab03o
Operationalization
a. Black/African
b. Coloured
c. Indian/Asian
d. White
e. All
Observed distributiona. 77%; b. 8%; c. 2%; d.13%; e. 100%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cDM=
a: Black:    M = 5,31   SD =3,12
b: Coloured: M = 7,35   SD =2,42
c: Indian    M = 6,83   SD =2,63
d: White     M = 7,62   SD =2,39
All:         M = 5,80   SD =3,11
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cBMCT= p < .05
a


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl