Correlational finding on Happiness and Close (vs lonely)
Subject code: L04ac01a

StudyBradshaw et al. (2006): study ZZ OECD member states 2001
TitleComparing Child Well-Being in OECD Countries: Concepts and Methods.
SourceInnoocenti Working Paper no. 2006-3, Unicef Research Centre, 2006, Florence, Italy
URLhttps://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/464/
PublicAdolescents, 29 nations, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =137682

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling lonely
Page in Source 4, 70, 75
Our classificationClose (vs lonely), code L04ac01a
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
"I feel lonely"
Observed distributionOECD countries: Austria = 7,2 Belgium = 6,4 Canada = 7,6 Czech Republic = 7,0 Denmark = 6,2 Finland = 6,2 France = 6,4 Germany = 6,2 Greece = 6,5 Hungary = 7,3 Ireland = 4,6 Italy = 6,0 Netherlands = 2,9 Norway = 7,0 Poland = 8,4 Portugal = 5,0 Spain = 4,4 Sweden = 6,7 Switzerland = 6,6 United Kingdom = 5,4 United States = NA Average of OECD countries: 7,4 %, SD = 5,3 % Non-OECD Countries: Croatia = NA Estonia = NA Israel = 2,7 Latvia = 9,0 Lithuania = NA Malta = NA Russian Federation = 8,5 Slovenia = NA
Remarks
Data: PISA 2003

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.42 ns
% happy in nation by % feeling lonely


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl